History Course


Recommendation short course

START: JR Nagasaki Station

walk 5 min

1.   Site of the Martyrdom of the 26 Saints of Japan

The sad history of the martyrdom is commemorated at this Memorial Hall

In 1962, in commemoration of the centennial of the Martyrdom of the 26 Saints of Japan that occurred on Nishizaka hill, the Memorial Relief of the Martyrdom of the 26 Saints of Japan was constructed concurrently with the adjoining Saint Filippo Nishizaka Church. The Memorial Hall that stands quietly behind the life-sized bronze statues of the 26 saints is divided into two themes - things handed down from Christian times and things created today in order to clarify history. It introduces the history of Christianity from the time of Saint Frances Xavier's visit until the Meiji period. Exhibitions include a letter by the priest Nakaura Julien from the Tenshou youth facility, letters addressed to Portugal's King John III from Saint Francis Xavier, the record of the battle of Shimabara, the Maria Kannon sculpture, and a bronze Pieta from the 16th century, as well as frescoes and Japanese paintings.
Business Hours
09:00-17:00
Days Closed for Business
December 31-January 2.
Price
Adults: \250, Aged 12-17: \150, Aged 6-11: \100
Directions
4 minutes'walk from Nagasaki Eki-Mae Streetcar Stop
walk 11 min

2.   Nagasaki Museum of History and Culture

Built in the Suwa area, this museum contains many valuable items such as historical documents related to foreign cultural exchange, art, and ancient manuscripts. A recreation of a part of the Nagasaki Magistrate’s Tateyama Office is also inside the museum.
Website
http://www.nmhc.jp/global/english_leaf.pdf
Business Hours
08:30-19:00
throughout the year, except the 3rd Tuesday of the month (or 3rd Wednesday if 3rd Tuesday is a national holiday).
Price
Adult : JPY600
Elementary, Middle and High school student : JPY300
Directions
5 minutes'walk from Sakura-Machi Streetcar Stop
walk 10 min

3.   Megane-Bashi (Spectacles Bridge)

One of the renowned stone bridges spanning the Nakajima River, the lifeblood of Nagasaki

In 1570, during the period of national isolation when Dejima was established upon the opening of the Port of Nagasaki, the Nakajima River's importance to trade made it the central artery of the city. In 1634, Japan's first Chinese-style stone bridge, the Spectacle Bridge, was constructed by Mokusunyoujo, the second-generation Chinese monk of Kofukuji Temple, Japan's oldest Chinese Temple. The bridge gets its name from its resemblance to a pair of spectacles when the arches of the bridges are reflected as ovals on the surface of the river. This bridge, along with Edo's Nihonbashi Bridge and Iwakuni's Kintaikyou Bridge, are considered the three most famous bridges in Japan. Although it is not well known, Spectacles Bridge was the inspiration for the Double Bridge of the Imperial Palace. By the end of the 17th century, following the construction of the Spectacles Bridge, numerous stone bridges were built for many of the roads that join the Nakashima River. It is said that these stone bridges were only constructed on roads that lead to temples when one stands at Teramachi.
Price
Free of charge
Directions
5 minutes'walk from Kokaido-Mae Streetcar Stop

GOAL:

Trip Route