What were the architectural styles used in the Nagasaki foreign settlement?

Buildings of a range of Western architectural styles were constructed along the streets of the Nagasaki foreign settlement from the 1860s to the 1900s. Today the area is one of the most popular tourist attractions in the city where visitors can view the historical western-style architecture and historic remnants of the period such as stone pavements and red brick walls.
Oura Church
Oura Church
Built in 1864, Oura Catholic Church is the oldest existing church in Japan.
The Former Latin Divinity School
The Former Latin Divinity School
The Former Latin Divinity School was founded in 1875 to train Japanese priests after religious freedom was re-established.
Former Residence of the Archbishop of Nagasaki
Former Residence of the Archbishop of Nagasaki
The Former Residence of the Archbishop of Nagasaki was originally built as a residence of the bishop of Nagasaki in the grounds of the Oura Catholic Church. It was reconstructed based on the plans of Father de Rotz in 1915.
Precincts of Oura Church
Precincts of Oura Church
The Precincts of Oura Church are well known as the place where Christians from Urakami hiding their religious beliefs came to Father Petitjean for their religious confessions in 1865. The church and its precincts have held special significance for Christians since this time through to the present day.
The Glover Residence
The Glover Residence
Constructed in 1863 by Scottish-born trader Thomas Blake Glover, the Glover Residence is the oldest Western-style wooden building in Japan.
The Former Ringer Residence
The Former Ringer Residence
The Former Ringer Residence was the home of Frederick Ringer, a British merchant who made a great contribution to Nagasaki’s trade and industrial development including tea manufacturing, fishing, insurance and shipping.
The Former Alt Residence
The Former Alt Residence
The Former Alt Residence was the home of the British merchant William Alt. It is a glorious stone-built house with high ceilings.
The Seven Higashi-Yamate Western-style Houses
The Seven Higashi-Yamate Western-style Houses
The seven Western-style residences of Higashi-Yamate were built in the 1890s. They are thought to be company houses for employees along with homes built for private rental.
The Higashi-yamate No.12 Building
The Higashi-yamate No.12 Building
The Higashi-Yamate No.12 Building is a Western-style wooden building constructed as the Russian Consulate in 1868 and later used as the American Consulate.
The Former British Consulate in Nagasaki
The Former British Consulate in Nagasaki
The British Consulate was established in Nagasaki in 1859. The existing building was constructed in 1908 and is conserved in its original condition. The complex consists of the main building, an annex and residences for employees.
The Former Nagasaki Branch of the Hong Kong Shanghai Bank

The Former Nagasaki Branch of the Hong Kong Shanghai Bank is the biggest Western-style stone building in Nagasaki. The bank counters inside offer an excellent demonstration of the architectural style of the period.
The Former Local Customs House at Sagarimatsu

Built in 1898, the Former Local Customs House at Sagarimatsu was a branch office of Nagasaki Customs in charge of cargo inspection. The front triangular gables and arched entrances are of a particularly exotic style.