The Higashi-yamate No.12 Building
東山手十二番館 (Higashi Yamate Junibankan)

The building standing at the address of No. 12 Higashi Yamate-machi is a representative example of Western-style architecture, estimated to have been built in 1868, and is the oldest Western building in the Higashi Yamate district. Immediately before the construction of the building the Prussian consulate stood here, and it is known that it was used as the Russian consulate when it was first erected. It was subsequently used as the American consulate and the home of a missionary before the land and building were transferred to the Kwassui Gakuin school. The house was finally donated to Nagasaki City in the year 1976.
The building plan consists of the main building, which is surrounded on three sides by a veranda, and an annex and further building to the rear. This is the first example of a Western-style building with such a layout in Nagasaki. The placement of a wide veranda in the central façade with rooms on either side is typical of contemporary consulate architecture The clapboard* exterior façade is the oldest example in Japan of this architectural technique. The overall tone of the building is one of simplicity, but it also displays unusual features such as the absence of any shielding under the floors between the pillars, and the brackets with their bored decoration in the arched colonnade above the veranda.
*Clapboards are horizontal wooden panels that slightly overlap and form the surface of the building’s façade.

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Key information on the cultural property

Designated categoryNationally Designated Important Cultural Property
Registered dateDecember 25. 1998
Address3-7 Higashi Yamate-machi, Nagasaki City
Proprietary rightsNagasaki City